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Encyclopedia of the Palestine Problem


Zionist terrorism, War Crimes And Crimes Against Humanity In Palestine And Neighboring Arab Countries 1967-1988

Encyclopedia of the Palestine Problem, Chapter Seventeen, Part 4 of 6



3 SEPTEMBER 1974

On 3 September an Israel forces patrol penetrated into Lebanese territory, posted itself on the main route at AMR 16932783, near the village of Staichiye, searched passing vehicles, took mail from a civilian vehicle, abducted a Lebanese citizen from the village of Ed Dhaira and then withdrew under cover of artillery fire.

5 OCTOBER 1974
On 5 October, between 1635 and 2115 hours, Israel forces artillery fire fell in the vicinity of Blida, causing death to 3 Lebanese and injury to 12 Lebanese, as well as material damage in that area. Witnesses in the area, including two wounded girls interviewed in the hospital, stated that shelling of the village had occurred at approximately 1730 hours on 5 October. Witnesses also stated that the shelling also caused death to 3 Lebanese and injury to 9 others. Physical evidence seen by United Nations military observers included mortar craters and fragments in the village, a cafe apparently destroyed by mortar shelling and a house damaged by mortar shelling. Three medical death certificates were examined.

11 NOVEMBER 1974
In Hasbaiya, witnesses stated that on 11 November bombs fell in a field where a Lebanese family of 20 was working, killing three persons instantly and wounding a fourth who died later. They further stated that all the dead had been buried.

12 NOVEMBER 1974
The inquiry on the second complaint took place on 12 November, between 1120 and 1245 hours, in the villages of Dheira and Yarine. A representative of the Senior Lebanese Delegate accompanied the inquiry team. The United Nations military observers interviewed witnesses and examined the evidence presented to them. Witnesses stated that on 12 November, at 0145 hours, Israel forces soldiers entered two houses located between Yarine and Dheira, evacuated all occupants, blew up one of the houses and kidnapped three Lebanese from the houses.

13 NOVEMBER 1974
On 13 November, Israeli forces entered the village of Blida and destroyed its only bakery and the home of Mrs. Zaynab Ali Assem, a widow with seven daughters. Mrs. Assem and her daughters were pulled from their home and held in an olive grove while their house was blown to rubble. The Israeli soldiers then told Mr. Assem, "Go, sweetheart, go home." When Mrs. Assem and her daughters did return, they found their home in utter ruin, their tobacco crop lying under tons of broken concrete. Another home in the village was also destroyed, and the Israeli soldiers claimed that all three buildings had been used to shelter Palestinian "guerrillas".

14 NOVEMBER 1974
On 14 November between 0030 and 0100 hours a helicopter-borne Israel force penetrated into Lebanese territory in the village of Srobbine, blew up three houses with dynamite and caused injury to a Lebanese citizen, death to livestock and material damage.

14 NOVEMBER 1974
On 14 November, at 0230, Israeli gunboats landed apatrol near the town of Sarbine and blew up three houses. One person was injured.

30 NOVEMBER 1974
On 30 November Israel forces jet aircraft attacked with bombs and rockets in the vicinity of Kafra, causing destruction of one house and damage to material and cultivation.

12 DECEMBER 1974
On 12 December between 2200 and 2330 hours the town of Nabatiye ahd been shelled by artillery. Six persons had been wounded by artillery fire. The military observers saw two children in the Nabatiye Hospital who had recently received serious shrapnel wounds. They also saw five houses partially destroyed, several houses damaged and three civilian vehicles damaged by artillery effect. In addition, they saw damaged telephone and electrical lines and observed artillery shrapnel in the area.

31 DECEMBER 1974
Inquiry took place on 1 January between 0030 and 0240. The witnesses, a local doctor and four residents of Nabatiye, stated that between 2030 and 2100 on 31 December, seven artillery rounds had impacted in the vicinity, wounding six persons. The military observers saw three residents of the town who had received recent blast and fragmentation wounds. They also saw three houses, one vehicle and two utility poles which had been recently damaged by artillery impacts. In connexion with this Lebanese complaint, it should be mentioned that OP Khiam reported artillery fire by Israel forces impacting in the vicinity of Nabatiye between 2035 and 2058 . Based on the results of the inquiry and the report from OP Khiam, the complaint is confirmed in so far as the injury to three persons and damage to three houses and other materials in the town of Nabatiye are concerned.

31 DECEMBER 1974
Inquiry took place in the village of Aitaroun on 1 January stated that on 3 1 December at approximately 2000 an Israel force of approximately 60 soldiers entered the village, ordered the occupants of one house to leave it, blew up the house with dynamite and kidnapped two sons of its owner. The military observers saw one house which had recently been destroyed by explosives. They also saw two vehicles near the house which had recently been damaged by an explosion. Based on the results of the inquiry, the complaint is confirmed in so far as the destruction of one house and damaging of two vehicles in the village of Aitaroun are concerned.

31 DECEMBER 1974
Inquiry took place in the village of Yaroun on 1 January between 1100 and 1310. A witness in the village stated that Israel forces soldiers entered the village at approximately 2200 on December 3 1, 1974, destroyed 10 houses with explosives and abducted three men from the village. He also stated that a child had been injured by the explosions and taken to a nearby hospital. The military observers saw 10 houses which had recently been destroyed by explosives.

1 JANUARY 1975
On 1 January 1975 between 2 100 and 2 1 50, an Israel force penetrated Lebanese territory and entered the village of Ett Taibe, exploded one house with dynamite and caused death to four Lebanese citizens, injury to another and material damage.

11/17 JANUARY 1975
Israel launched vicious attacks on the Lebanese village of Kfar Shouba, situated in southern Lebanon, with heavy, concentrated artillery and mortar shelling. From 1 1 to 17 January, Kfar Shouba was transformed into a deserted village. Israeli armed units crossed the border four times during that period and contributed their criminal share of destruction. As a result of these operations, 90 houses were completely demolished and 76 others were seriously damaged and can no longer be inhabited. In fact, of this once-thriving village, only 26 houses remain habitable. Furthermore, the Israelis blew up the roads and a bridge leading to the village, as well as several irrigation canals. In this latest manifestation of Israeli terrorism, 11 Lebanese villagers were wounded and six others kidnapped by Israeli soldiers.

12 JANUARY 1975
On 12 January between 2215 and 2330 an Israel detachment penetrated Lebanese territory in the vicinity of Halta, where it exploded four houses and caused other material damage, and Kfar Shouba, where it exploded one house, causing injury to two women.

21 MARCH 1975
On 21 March, the Israeli Navy stopped on the high seas an Egyptian fishing boat called Nasr-El-Suez at a point opposite Ras Bakr in the Red Sea. The Israeli Navy confiscated quantities of the fish on the boat as well as the personal belongings of its crew, before permitting the fishing boat to continue its trip. Later, however, this same boat was stopped on the high seas and fired on by another Israeli boat when the fisherman resisted arrest. As a result, the following Egyptian fishermen were seriously wounded: Ahmed Salama, Hilal; El Mahmoudy Souliman Ali; Zaki Hassan Harroun; Hilal-Ali Hassan Harroun; Gamal Abdel-Naser Khudeir.

The Israeli Navy forced the boat to proceed to the port of El Tor where, later in the evening, Ahmed Salama Hilal died as a result of his wounds. The Israeli authorities later released the four other fishermen after they had been interrogated by Israeli intelligence for four days. These criminal acts of piracy on the high seas on the part of the Israelis increase tension, endanger human lives and are condemnable and punishable according to international law and conventions.

17 MAY 1975
On Saturday, 17 May, at 9.30 a.m., one of the 81 mm mortar shells, fired by Israeli artillery at the town of Aitaroun in southern Lebanon during attacks, exploded and caused the death of nine children at play, whose ages ranged between four and twelve years. In addition, three other children were seriously injured.

The names of these innocent victims were: Ali Abdel-Hassan Moshsen, 10 years; Abbas Youse Hamad, 12 years; Abbas Hussein Hamad, 9 years; Yousef Ali Hamad, 6 years; Amal Hussein Mourad, 4 years; Hussein Ali Yousef Hamad, 6 years; Mohammed Abdel-Hassan Mohsen, 5 years; Kifah Ali Yousef Hamad, 12 years; Zeinab Abdel-Mohsen Hassan, 5 years.

25 MAY 1975
On the morning of 25 May Israel artillery fire and rockets and bombs from Israel jet aircraft fell in the vicinity of Aazziye, Aita Ez Zoutt and other locations in Lebanese territory, wounding three soldiers and causing damage to material and cultivation.

15 JUNE 1975
On 15 June, at 09 15 hours, a large formation of Israeli war planes raided the village of Kfar Shouba and its vicinity for 20 minutes. At 0955 hours, another formation of four military aircraft raided Kfar Chouba with bombs and missiles for 10 minutes. As a result of these raids, one person was killed, three wounded and two are missing and many houses were destroyed.

16 JUNE 1975
On 1 6 June, at 0020 hours, the Israeli army fired 17 shells at the Al-Bayyad and Al-Husseiniyyeh quarters of the town of Nabatiyeh. Seven persons were wounded and several houses damaged.

6/7 JULY 1975
During the night of 6/7 July 1975, Israeli artillery shelled a number of villages in southern Lebanon along a wide front. The villages which were bombarded are Wadi Yaroun, Hanine, Wadi Dibl, Qouzah, Yaroun, Ramiyeh, El-Jabin, Dibl, Aaita Esh-Shaab, Wata el-Khiam, El-Hasbani, the south-west section of El-Khreibe and El-Aadaisseh. As a result, one woman was killed at El-Aadaisseh, two persons were wounded, three homes were destroyed and heavy damage was inflicted on other property.

23 JULY 1975
On 23 July 1975 at 0120 hours Israeli forces crossed the southern Lebanese border in the vicinity of the villages of Kfar Kala and Wadi Houra, where they demolished two houses and kidnapped seven persons. The names of those kidnapped are: Mohammed Uqail Hammoud, Assad Mohammed Uqail Hammoud, Mohammad Amin Uqail Hammoud, Moussa Moussa Shami, Ahmad Ali Naim, Nimr Yahya and Moussa Raslan. Furthermore, as a result of this operation, two persons were wounded and 29 houses were damaged.

On the same day at 0400 hours, Israeli soldiers fired their automatic weapons at a vehicle on a road within the Lebanese frontier between El-Aadaisseh and Kfar Kala and wounded three passengers.

On the same day between 1650 and 1655 hours the Israelis fired two explosive shells, hitting the eastern entrance of the village of Ain Ibl, resulting in the deaths of two persons, Muna El-Amoury and Bassam Sader, and the wounding of seven others.

4 AUGUST 1975
On the evening of 4 August Israel forces artillery fire fell in the vicinity of Tyre, causing in Tyre army barracks the death of four Lebanese army officers and the wounding of a fifth as well as material damage.

Witnesses at Tyre barracks stated that at 2250 hours on 4 August they heard a loud explosion in the operations room at the barracks and found there four Lebanese army Lieutenants dead and a fifth wounded. They also stated that the dead and the wounded had been evacuated to a military hospital in Beirut. The military observers saw at Tyre barracks the operations room and three adjoining rooms which had been destroyed by a recent explosion. They also saw bloodstains in the vicinity of the operations room and found artillery shell fragments.

5 AUGUST 1975
On 5 August at dawn, Israeli forces launched a land, sea and air attack on the town of Tyre (Sour). The attack was supported by Israeli artillery which shelled the town and its surrounding fields, and the Palestinian refugee camp of El- Bass, As a result of this attack, four Lebanese officers were killed and a fifth was wounded when their barracks were hit by a shell fired by the Israeli forces. Furthermore, two civilians were killed and a third wounded. Fifteen houses were destroyed and two motor vehicles were damaged as well. The home of the Mayor of Tyre was also hit.

On the same day at 1300 hours, the Israeli air force bombarded and strafed the southern Lebanese villages of Burghuliyeh, Chouran, Bourj Rahhal and Qasimiyeh. As a result, five civilians were killed, 10 were wounded and considerable damage was done to the fields in the area.

20 AUGUST 1975
On 20 August between 1600 and 1645 hours Israel forces jet aircraft attacked with bombs and rockets the Lebanese villages of Ham and Maaraboune, approximately 65 kilometres east of Beirut, causing casualties and material damage.

Witnesses at Ham stated that the village had been attacked by Israel forces jet aircraft on 20 August between 1600 and 1630 hours. They stated that 6 aircraft attacked with bombs and rockets in 7 strikes resulting in 4 Lebanese dead and 19 wounded. They also stated that many animals had been killed and others injured. Witnesses at Baalbek Hospital stated that they had been wounded during the air attack on the village of Ham*

20 AUGUST 1975
On 20 August at 1900 hours, four Israeli aircraft raided the Lebanese villages of Ham and Ma'raboun in the district of Baalbek. As a result of this raid, three innocent Lebanese were killed and 15 others wounded. Furthermore, nine other homes were destroyed.

29 AUGUST 1975
Witnesses in Ramiye stated that Israel forces artillery fire fell in the village between 2200 and 2300 hours on 29 August, wounding one woman and damaging three houses. A doctor in Rmaich stated that he had treated a woman from Ramiye who had been wounded in the hand by shell fragments.

2 SEPTEMBER 1975
Israel forces jet aircraft attacked with bombs and rockets, on 2 September, the village of Abour Qamah, causing material damage and on 11 September, the town of El Bourghliye, causing the death of two persons, injury to eight persons and material damage.

3 SEPTEMBER 1975
On 3 September between 1000 and 1030 hours Israel forces jet aircraft attacked with rockets and bombs the Lebanese coastal towns of El Bourghliye and El Qasmiye, causing casualties and material damage.

Witnesses in the area stated that Israeli jet aircraft attacked on 3 September between approximately 1000 and 1030 hours with bombs and rockets, causing the death of two children, the wounding of eight Lebanese citizens and various material damage. One of these witnesses who was seen to be suffering from wounds stated that these wounds had been caused by the airattack. .

11 SEPTEMBER 1975
On Thursday, 11 September at 181 0 hours, six Israeli jets bombed the region of Burghuliyeh for 20 minutes. As a result, two Lebanese children were killed and six others, including four children, were wounded. Two houses were destroyed and heavy damage was done to the fields in the area. G

15 OCTOBER 1975
On 15 October 1975, at approximately 1030 local time, an Israeli APC opened MG fire across "A" line. As a result of this firing a woman and man were killed.

27 NOVEMBER 1975
On 27 November between 0045 and 0100 hours GMT, Israel forces penetrated Lebanese territory in the vicinity of Kfar Kela, dynamited one house and fired automatic weapons, causing the death of one Lebanese, wounding another and causing other material damage.

2 DECEMBER 1975
Between 0800 and 0920 Israel forces jet aircraft attacked several targets within Lebanese territory in the vicinity of Nabatiye and Tripoli, causing both Lebanese and Palestinian civilian casualties and material damage.

10/22 FEBRUARY 1976
The magistrate's ruling sparked a wave of violent demonstrations in most major West Bank towns and in East Jerusalem. On 1'7 February the Agency reported violent demonstrations - near riots - over the Temple Mount are to protect the decisions of the Jerusalem magistrate. The Agency reported that the forces of occupation imposed a ban on residents of Ramallah, Nablus, Jenin and Tulkm, prohibiting them from visiting Jordan or receiving visitors from Jordan. The Agency reported also that Israeli police prevented attempts to organize demonstrations in Jenin and Tulkarm, that the disturbances began in East Jerusalem, and that scores of Palestinians were arrested. On 12 February the Agency reported the arrest of 26 Arab students; on 10 February, it reported the arrest of two dozen Arab high school students after they threw stones at police during a day of demonstrations and a general strike.

The Jerusalem Arabic language daily Al Fajr has been reporting these daily demonstrations, mass arrests, beating of students, violations of schools and the use of tear gas bombs and annoured tanks against these demonstrations; American television stations have shown scenes of bloody confrontations between students and helmeted policemen.

The confrontation reached a climax on 22 February when, as a result of Nazi-like interrogation and torture at the hands of Major Shlomo Aharon, the Zionist intelligence officer in charge, four Palestinians died in the Nablus gaol.

Two other Pdestinians were killed in an indiscriminate attack by planes, artillery and tanks on the villages of Hiwara and Burqa. This attack was followed by mass arrests of the residents of these villages and the imposition on them of arbitrary curfews.

Demonstrations and strikes continue in Jenin, Tulkann, Jerusalem, Jericho, Al-Bira and Hebron. The continuing confrontation will inevitably lead to an increase in the severity of the oppressive methods which will lead to a situation threatening peace in the area.

17 APRIL 1976
On 17 April, Zionist demonstrators, carrying guns and mortars, and with the protection of the Israeli army, initiated a march through the occupied West Bank in order to demonstrate their support of the Israeli Government's policy of territorial expansion and establishment of Jewish settlements.

The march sparked counter-demonstrations of protest on the part of the Palestinian inhabitants of the area and, in the course of the inevitable clashes between them and Zionist troops, a number of Palestinians were brutally murdered by Israeli troops and many more were wounded.

In reaction to these killings, to the Zionists' march through the West Bank, and in protest against Zionist settlement and land seizure there were huge demonstrations in Nablus and other towns in the occupied West Bank and a violent confrontation between the Palestinian populace and the Zionist forces of occupation.

1 MAY 1976
On 1 May, Zionist troops opened fire into a crowd of unarmed Palestinian demonstrators who were manifesting their unalterable opposition to the continuing illegal occupation of their lands and homes and to the imminence of additional Jewish settlements. One Palestinian was killed; several others were badly injured.

Curfews have been imposed on several Palestinian towns by the Zionist forces of occupation.

3 MAY 1977
On 3 May 19'779 the Israeli military forces of occupation opened fire on Palestinian demonstrators in the town of Qabatya and killed a 15-year-old boy and a 55-year-old woman.

5 NOVEMBER 1977
At 2200 hours on Saturday, 5 November 197'7, Israeli warships sank a fishing boat inside Lebanese territorial waters near the border village of An-Naqourah. As a result, three Lebanese fishemen drowned.

8 NOVEMBER 1977
Between 1300 and 2000 hours on 8 November, Israeli gunners shelled the town of Tyre and its suburbs as well as several villages in the Western sector of South Lebanon. The worst number of casualties inflicted was in the village of Majdel Zoun, where 10 people were killed and 20 wounded, all of whom were Lebanese. The area also sustained enormous material damage.

9 NOVEMBER 1977
From 0730 until 0900 hours on 9 November, Israeli war planes raided Al-'Azziyeh, Tyre, el-Borj esh-Shimaly, Mazra'at Jamjam, ar-Rashidiyeh. Mazra'at al-Wasittah, Jisr el-Hamra, and Burghuliyeh. As a result of the bombardment, Al-'Azziyeh was almost totally destroyed and immense damage was inflicted on the other target areas. As rescue work continues, 60 dead bodies have been uncovered and 120 injured people counted, all Lebanese civilians.

20 AUGUST 1978
On 20 August, Israel committed yet another act of State terrorism. It sent its warplanes on a mission of death and destruction directed against innocent Palestinian refugees of the town of Damour and the Burj Al-Barajnah refugee camp - both in the Republic of Lebanon.

Israel's latest attack, target of which were a summer school and a sporting camp, left 4 dead and 25 wounded.

4 DECEMBER 1978
On 4 December Arab houses in the villages of Silwad and Kafr Qallil were demolished. Curfew was imposed on the village of Silwad.

11 DECEMBER 1978
On 11 December, Israeli forces of occupation ordered the fencing-off of around 1,200 dunums of built-up land in the municipality of Beit Sahour (Sheperds' Field).

20 DECEMBER 1978
At 1514 hours on 20 December 1978, eight Israeli warplanes fired rockets on the refugee camp of Bourj esh- Shimaly east of Tyre, resulting in the destruction of a number of dwellings, Five persons suffered injuries as a result of the raid.

At 1600 hours, Zahr al Burj was raided, Two houses were destroyed; one innocent civilian was killed and three others? including an infant, were wounded.

At 1615 hours, the refugee camp al Wasta in Qasmiyah was raided, resulting in the death of a woman, serious injuries to three others, and the destruction of a number of houses. The raids were directed against civilians in the refugee camps.

21 DECEMBER 1978
On 21 December, at 0800 hours, Israeli artillery shelled the Lebanese army unit stationed at Kaoukaba. It also shelled the Hasbani river basin and the surrounding areas. As a result of this shelling, 1 person was killed and 4 were wounded? all Lebanese citizens.

30 JANUARY 1979
On 30 January 19'79, Israeli forces demolished the homes of eight Palestinian families in Nablus and in Abu-Dis, a suburb of Jerusalem, In line with their usual practice, the terrorists ordered residents out of their homes and, after denying them time to gather and remove their belongings? blew up the eight houses7 reducing them to rubble.

On the same day the Israeli authorities made known their intention to deport the Palestinian student, Riyad Abu Awad, who was served with an expulsion order on 30 January.

12 MARCH 1979
9:30 a.m. A military checkpoint was set up on the Bir Zeit-Ramallah road. The soldiers turned back by the use of force people who were coming to Bir Zeit from Ramallah.

1O:00 a.m. The student body of the university held a meeting at the meeting hall to discuss the events surrounding the visit of President Carter.

10:30 a.m. A group of university students and students from a high school in the town marched in a peaceful demonstration of protest in the streets of Bir Zeit. A group of Israeli soldiers were watching from a distance without interfering in the demonstration.

11 :45 a.m. Sporadic gunshots were heard in the town but caused no injuries.

12:30 p.m. Some time after the demonstrations ended the Israeli soldiers opened fire on a number of people standing in one of the main streets of Bir Zeit, hitting four of them in the back; three of them were taken to Ramallah Hospital and the fourth was taken to Hadassah Hospital. They are:

1. Fayez Muhammed Ali, a student at Bir Zeit University. He was injured in the neck and seriously wounded in the jaw.

2. Maher Lutfy Abed el-Sayeh, a student from the town who sustained serious injuries in the cheek.

3. Sami Abed El-Rahman sustained serious injuries in the cheek.

4. Hassan Muhammad Ali, a student from Bir Zeit, had cheek injuries and one of his lungs was injured as well.

Meanwhile six truck-loads of armed soldiers entered the town accompanied by a number of high-ranking officers.

1:00 p.m. Dr. Gaby Baramky7 the Vice-president of the university, went to meet with the officers to inquire about the gunfire. He was told that the soldiers were responding to gunfire from the demonstrators. They ordered Dr. Baradcy to return to the university and to make everybody inside it stay in it.

1:30 p.m. The army announced by loudspeaker from the town mosque the imposition of a curfew and warned that any citizen violating the curfew would risk his life.

2:00 p.m. The soldiers questioned four university teachers at the gate of Ramallah Hospital. They asked them if they were journalists and allowed only two of them to enter and sent the other two away in a rough manner. After a heated argument the soldiers took their passports and did not return them before 6 o'clock in the evening.

Meanwhile, the military authorities ordered the transfer of the four injured persons to Hadassah Hospital, an act which appeared to have been taken in order to prevent journalists from entering the hospital to take a look at the injured students. The doctors in the hospital refused the transfer of Mr. Hassan Muhammad Ali because his injuries were very serious; the others were eventually transferred.

2:15 p.m. General Benjamin Ben Eliezer, the Military Governor General of the West Bank, summoned Mr. Baramky to the post office of Bir Zeit, which had been transformed into temporary military headquarters, and informed him that the curfew would be lifted in an hour and movement between Bir Zeit and Ramallah would be permitted, if all was quiet.

3:10 p.m. The army through loudspeakers ordered all male citizens over 14 years of age to gather in the courtyard of the town's Catholic church. The identity cards of the citizens were examined; in addition, the citizens were forced to sit on the ground while some of them were interrogated. The houses of the town were being searched for men who might have stayed behind. During the search the soldiers beat a number of women while the students and teachers of Bir Zeit were still on the university campus.

3:30 p.m. An Israeli doctor from Hadassah Hospital arrived at the hospital of Ramallah to decide on the transfer of the injured student to Hadassah, Having barely examined the injured, the doctor decided upon his transfer, After two hours of discussion between those present and the family of the injured on one side and the Israeli doctor and the military officers on the other, the transfer of the injured student was postponed awaiting a decision of the legal adviser of the militq administration.

3:40 p.m. In Bir Zeit the university vice-president tried to see the Military Governor in the church but could not find him. He went to the post office and was told to keep the students on campus awaiting instructions.

5:10 p.m. The Military Governor summoned Mr. Baramky to the post office and for the second time informed him that the curfew would be lifted in an hour or two "if everything went as desired" and that he would keep him informed. He assured Mr. Baramky that there was no need to trouble himself in arranging sleeping facilities for 400 students, teachers and employees on the university campus. He said he would not prevent the girl students from going between the dormitories and the university cafeteria, assuring him that the army would not enter the university campus "this time".

6:30 p.m. A while after he returned from his meeting with the Military Governor, Mr. Baramky met eight soldiers who had entered the university campus. When he informed them of their commander's orders, they replied with insolence and refused to leave for some time, while the movement of the girl students between the cafeteria and the dormitories continued to be prevented.

8:30 p.m. The adviser to the Military Governor of the West Bank, Mr. Yigael Karmon, informed the city council of Ramallah which was meeting to deal with the simtion, that the curfew had been lifted at Bir Zeit and that the womed families could go there to bring the students and the teachers out.

9:00 p.m. About 50 cars arrived at Bir &it from Ramallah but were turned back and their drivers were treated violently by the soldiers who were checking the identities of the incoming people on the road to town. The soldiers told them that they still had orders to prevent anyone from coming into or going out of Bir Zeit.

9:30 p.m. The students and the faculty of Bir Zeit saw the town citizens leaving the courtyard of the church to return to their homes and only then did they know that the curfew had been lifted.

10 APRIL 1979
On 10 April the Israeli Air Force carried out severe raids on the towns of Damour and Tyre, killing three children and a woman and wounding three men in Damour, and killing one civilian and wounding four others in Tyre. Several houses were destroyed during the raids.

22 APRIL 1979
On 22 April, Israeli naval and air forces raided the Palestinian refugee camp of Nahr El-Bared in north Lebanon. Four residents were killed and ten wounded and several houses were destroyed in the one and one-half hour long bombardment.

24 APRIL 1979
As of 1700 Beirut time Israeli Air Force formations have bombarded the following locations around Tyre, predominantly inhabited by Palestinian refugee families: Shabriha, Adloun, and Al-Jormoq, as well as Amoun and Beaufort Castle. So far the raid has resulted in the loss of lives of a number of children and women as well as the destruction of several houses.

This attack on innocent civilians is definitely a premeditated criminal act committed under instructions of the Israeli Government by Menachem Begin, who has vowed that ''a Jewish child's blood will not be spilt with impunity", and who persists in spilling the blood of Palestinian and other Arab children - a continuation of his criminal attack on Deir Yassin in 1948, when he and his gang murdered in cold blood 254 men, women and children in what constitutes one of the first steps in the genocide of the Palestinian people.

2 MAY 1979
On 2 May 1979, in blatant acts of provocation, Zionist settlers held "independence day" celebrations in Palestinian cities and towns and hoisted the Israeli flag on Palestinian public buildings. As a result of this malicious provocation, Palestinian students responded by holding peaceful marches through their cities and towns, singing and carrying their Palestinian flag.

At approximately 9.20 a.m. several private automobiles with yellow Israeli licence plates drove through the side streets of Bir Zeit towards the university campus. At 10.15 a.m. two of those vehicles approached the women's dormitory area where students were waiting for their 11.00 a.m. class to meet. One of the students, Riyad Nakleh Daoud, was sitting on a bench in front of the dormitory and for no other reason except that he was a Palestinian Arab, was shot in the chest, the bullet barely missing his heart. The assassin was identified by the Israeli military as a prominent Zionist criminal, a certain Ezra Zohar, a member of the fanatical Gush Emunim and professor at Tel ha-Shomer hospital at Tel Aviv.

At 11:05 a.m. four private Israeli automobiles entered Bir Zeit and stopped in an area where students were meeting. A gang of armed Zionist settlers jumped out of their cars and started shooting at the students. While most of the students dispersed and took cover, one foreign faculty member was pinned down, while the settlers took "pot-shots" at him.

From 11.20 a.m. to 5.30 p.m. the Israeli military authorities used every means possible to harass, intimidate and provoke the students and local residents.

By day's end, 134 identity papers of students and local residents had been confiscated and individuals were ordered to report to the military headquarters the following morning. Mr. Baramki, Vice President of Bir Zeit, was informed by Amos Tersham, Military Governor of Ramallah, that Bir Zeit was closed to all students until further notice.

On 3 May at 9.00.a.m. all those whose identity papers had been confiscated went as ordered to the military headquarters. After two hours 72 students and local residents were given back their papers; 62 were detained for investigation. Israeli policemen were posted at the university entrance, and soldiers at a checkpost prevented students from entering the town.

At 2.30 p.m. a group of high-ranking military officers including Yigael Karmon, adviser to the Military Governor of the West Bank, and Amos Tersham, appeared at the university and presented Mr. Baramky with a military order. They then proceeded to search and photograph various offices, classrooms, the dormitory, the snack bar and the library. Also at 2.30 p.m. at Ramallah, several students and faculty members waiting outside the military headquarters were ordered to leave, and as they were leaving two faculty members were pushed and shoved, and one student, a United States citizen, Michael Derrick, was savagely beaten with a club.

Later that day Mr. Baramky met with the Military Governor and was informed that the university was closed indefinitely.

6 May 1979
On Sunday, 6 May 1979 at 0730 hours, four Israeli warplanes raided the Palestinian refugee camp at Nahr al Bared near Tripoli for a period of 15 minutes. One infant and five other civilians were killed and 10 others were wounded.

7 MAY 1979
On 7 May 1979, the Israeli military authorities closed the secondary school in Bethlehem. It is critical to mention that this act is only one in a series of provocative and repressive actions by the Israeli military authorities since the beginning of the month. In this connexion, I would like to bring to your attention that on 2 May, a student at Bir Zeit University was shot and wounded during a demonstration. On 3 May, Israeli troops using tear-gas closed the university and informed the Acting President that they were not optimistic that the university would be reopened. On the same day, Israeli troops surrounded the walled campus of Bethlehem University and closed it. It is not known if the military authorities will allow the university to reopen.

23 MAY 1979
On Wednesday 23 May 1979, the Israeli air force raided the towns of Haret El-Naame, Damour, Aichiye and Rihan. Civilians were killed and injured, among them children and women, and material damages were extensive.

Israeli naval vessels launched an attack against the city of Tyre and the neighbouring area, resulting in the killing of at least two civilians and the wounding of many others. There was also extensive material damage to property and residential areas.

Israeli artillery shelled the towns of Juaiya, Cana, Kaoukaba, Bourgoz and the Palestinian refugee camp of El-Bass.

4 JUNE 1979
On 4 June 1979, Israeli occupation authorities demolished the home of Itaf Ahmad Yusuf in the town of Al-Jariah, near Ramallah. She was accused of resisting Israeli occupation. Four other houses were sealed off and their owners arrested on the pretext of resisting Israeli occupation. The first house, in the area of Ramallah, was owned by an Arab girl named Hanan Nakhleh Elias Mish. The second house, in the town of Al-Bireh, was owned by another Arab girl, Nadia Ahmad Rashid Al-Khayyat. The other two houses, also in Al-Bireh, were owned by Jamal Ahmad Hassan Yasin Zayed.

6 JUNE 1979
On 8 June, six Israeli aircraft raided the village of Habboush between 1605 and 171 5 hours. As a result, 20 houses were hit.

24 JUNE 1979
On 24 June 1979, the Israeli Air Force carried out a series of devastating air attacks on civilian targets which resulted in 20 casualties, most of them women and children. These attacks came six days after the Israeli Air Force made similar raids on five villages in the coastal region and one in the Bekaa valley. The hardest hit was the village of Aqbiya in the hills, south-east of Sidon where four people were killed, 11 wounded and the village market and numerous houses destroyed.

The village which had no commando presence in or near it, was repeatedly bombarded and strafed by a formation of 8 Israeli planes. Also hit in the raid were the villages of Toffahta, Abul Al Aswad and Al-Wasta near the coast between Sidon and Tyre, Al-Itaniya approximately 10 kilometres inland, and Suhmur in the southern Bekaa valley.

22 JULY 1979
At 18.10 hours, an Israeli aircraft formation raided the towns of Al-Damour and Na'ameh, on the road between Beirut and Sidon, six consecutive times. The raids lasted for about 35 minutes. Israeli aircraft formations also raided the villages of Aqbiyah, Sarfand and Khayzaran, between Sidon and Tyre. Those raids continued until 1900 hours. The raids took place in densely populated civilian areas on the main highway south of the capital, at a time of maximum civilian movement on Sunday. There was extensive material damage.

Casualties, all civilian, have not yet been fully determined. According to preliminary reports of yesterday evening, there were 8 killed, including 3 women and 1 child, and 19 wounded, all Lebanese citizens. At the time of writing, the final toll is still unknown, but unofficial reports speak of between 15 and 20 civilians killed.

8 DECEMBER 1979
On 8 December 1979, Israeli radio announced that an Islamic building, owned by the Al-Mu'aqit family, had collapsed. The building lies in the Bab Al-Hadid area which lies inside the walls fo the Old City of Jerusalem. The reason, as stated by the Israeli authorities, was the heavy rainfall during that time.

Two days later, on 10 December, the Arabic newspapers, Al-Sha'b and Al-Fajr, issued at Jerusalem, gave a different version of this incident. They revealed that the main reason of the collapse of this building was the excavations carried out by the Israeli authorities underneath it and under the surrounding areas. They also concluded that the collapse of the building will lead to the destruction of all adjacent waqf properties which amount to 26 buildings and are inhabited by 222 Arab Jerusalemites.

31 JANUARY 1980
On Thursday, 31 January 1980, the Israeli forces of occupation placed a curfew on Hebron, bringing a halt to the life of that city, thereby imposing collective punishment on its entire population, in apparent retaliation for the killing of an occupation soldier in the city.

1 FEBRUARY 1980
On Friday, Moslems were prevented by the curfew from attending prayers and carrying out their religious obligations in Al-Haram Al-Ibrahimi. Jewish residents of the nearby illegal Kiryat Arba settlement were allowed into town for prayers in Al-Haram Al-Ibrahimi the following day and took advantage of the opportunity to tear out a microphone from the mosque, thereby preventing the broadcast of the Moslem call to prayer over the loudspeakers in the minaret and further impending the free exercise of religion by Hebron's Moslems.

On the same day, Yeshiva students from the settlement attacked Palestinian residents with a barrage of stones and rocks, one of which struck a 70-year-old man, blinding him in one eye.

10 FEBRUARY 1980
On Sunday, 10 February, the Israeli authorities gave permission to members of an extremely fanatical group called Gush-Emunim to organize a large demonstration to express the Zionist determination to settle in Al-Khalil and the West Bank as a whole.

The procession of hatred took place as scheduled and the group held a meeting near the Ibrahimi Mosque. In the meeting demonstrators announced formally "the return of the Jews to Al-Khalil". Rabbi Levinger, a Kiryat Arba' leader, threatened that the Mayor of Al-Khalil should be held responsible for the murder of the Israeli soldier. He even threatened that he would launch a war against the inhabitants of the town.

14 MARCH 1980
14 March: between 1900 and 2200 hours, the village of Kfar Rumman was shelled. One person was wounded and extensive damage to property was caused.

16 MARCH 1980
16 March: between 1650 and 1900 hours, the villages of Haboush, Arabsalim, Nabatiyeh, Kfar Rumman, Aishiyeh and Jurmog were bombarded, during which there was extensive property damage. And between 1850 and 1855 hours, the village of Qarya was shelled, during which one person was wounded.

16 MARCH 1980
The office of the Israeli Military Governor for the occupied territories summoned on 16 March 1980 His Eminence Sheikh Sa'dudeen Al-Alami, the Mufti of Jerusalem and head of its religious courts - in his capacity as chairman of the civic community, supervising the Science College in Abu Dees - and Mr. Ahmad Sa'eedan, Dean of the College, and informed them of the Israeli Military Governor's decision to close down this college within two weeks. He further informed them that they should transfer the student body amongst other Arab colleges, on the spurious grounds that there were three universities and 12 Arab institutions of higher learning, with a student body of 6,000 boys and girls, in the occupied Palestinian territories. These colleges, the Israeli military dictator claimed, were sufficient to absorb the Jerusalem students as well. I oxn A,-- 17 MARCH 1980
Between 1530 and 1900 hours, the city and port of Tyre were bombarded; four persons were killed and 11 were wounded. At 1750 hours, fire was aimed at Miya-wa-Miya, Aine-Dilb and Qarya and caused widespread damage to property. On the same day, there was a clash with UNIFIL troops of the Netherlands contingent at the village of Majdal Zoun, in which three of these troops were injured.

18 MARCH 1980
18 March: between 1220 and 1400 hours, the villages of Marjayoun, Salhieyh and Kfar Jarra were shelled, and Israeli troops kidnapped two civilians from Kfar Dounin.

19 MARCH 1980
19 March: between 930 and 1200 hours, the villages of Jensnaya, Qarya and Kfar Hata were shelled. Property therein was damaged and one house was demolished at the village of Haddatha.

Between 2130 and 221 5 hours, the villages of Deir 'Amiss, Kafra, Siddiqin and Tibnin were also shelled with material damage.

20 MARCH 1980
20 March: between 935 and 1000 hours, Haret Saida ( a suburb of the city of Sidon) and the villages of Al-Hilaliya and Ain-ed-Dilb were shelled; there was, as a result, extensive material damage. At 1455 hours, Al-Hilaliya was agin hit and two persons were wounded.

18 APRIL 1980
At dawn on 18 April 1980, members of the Israeli Special Force raided the Sarafand area in Southern Lebanon. Fifteen civilians, including infants, died as a result of the barbarous acts of the force. Among the dead was a medical doctor and two medical assistants working in a convalescent home. Furthermore, two houses, the property of civilians, were also demolished, resulting so far in the deaths of seven other civilians, including an infant and two women. A number of wounded victims are being rescued from under the debris. The Israeli force committed its crime under cover of Israeli helicopters and after air bombardment in advance of the attack.

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